Similarities in the Writing and Reading Processes

Communicating with text


  • Researching/Reading
  • Developing content/Brainstorming/Generating material
  • Thinking
  • Assessing audience and purpose
  • Planning


  • Follow the plan
  • Include notes from reading
  • Support our thesis statement with specific evidence
  • Make meaning with text


  • All the parts are there: beginning, middle, end
  • It’s accurate
  • It’s documented
  • It’s proofread, spell checked, edited

Understanding text


  • Preview text
  • Preview vocabulary
  • Establish/predict a purpose
  • Connect to what we already know
  • Anticipate what we will learn

During reading

  • Highlight important information
  • Define/understand vocabulary in correct context
  • Visualize
  • Take notes and annotate
  • Make meaning from the text

After reading: synthesis

  • Summarize
  • Organize information (mapping/outlining)
  • Apply
  • Use

Rick Dollieslager, Presentation Page: "What Reading Teachers Ought to Know about Writing"

From the Virginia Community College System: "Assessments and Resources for Teaching Reading and Writing Together"

Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs) for VCCS English Fundamentals Courses, Levels 1, 2 and 3

Student Learning Outcomes for Texas Integrated Reading Writing